From 1933 to 1941, Shanghai became a modern-day â€œNoahâ€™s Arkâ€ accepting around 30,000 Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust in Europe. In the â€œDesignated Area for Stateless Refugeesâ€ in Tilanqiao area of Shanghai, about 20,000 Jewish refugees lived harmoniously with local citizens, overcoming numerous difficulties together. By the time the Second World War ended in 1945, most of the Jewish refugees had survived. Dr. David Kranzler, a noted Holocaust historian, called it the â€œMiracle of Shanghaiâ€ and commented that within the Jewryâ€™s greatest tragedy, i.e. the Holocaust, there shone a few bright lights. Among the brightest of these is the Shanghai haven. In the “Tilanqiao Historic Areaâ€, the original features of the Jewish settlement are still well preserved. They are the only typical historic traces of Jewish refugee life inside China during the Second World War.
The museum, located at 62 Changyang Road, Hongkou District, consists of three parts: the former site of Ohel Moshe Synagogue and two exhibition halls. It is an important component of the â€œTilanqiao Historic Areaâ€ and serves as a witness commemorating the phase of history when the Jewish refugees lived in Shanghai.